“Breed Is Not Enough To Predict And Prevent Bite Risk”, indicates the National Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health Safety (ANSES) in a report, on the risks of bites, published Monday, February 8.
According to this study, attack, guard and defense dogs, known as categories 1 and 2, are not necessarily the most dangerous. “In my clientele, for example, I have a working Rottweiler, which belongs to a policeman, and he is adorable as anything. His owner knows him by heart., says Alexandra Didier-Laurent, veterinarian in the 15th arrondissement of Paris. And unlike that, I see little dogs that are a bit more snappy. “
The most complicated to examine are the Jack Russell Terriers. They are very active little dogs who need a lot of energy.Alexandra Didier-Laurent, veterinarian
Dogs like the Jack Russell “are very active, so when they are in small apartments in Paris, they have difficulties in behavior at home”, she continues.
“The conditions that lead to a risk of bite are very numerous, notes Matthieu Schuller, Deputy Director General of the “science for expertise” pole of ANSES. They concern both the dog, its development, its well-being and its interactions with humans. They also concern the people who are bitten, their age, the place where they are, if they emitted signals, if they paid attention to the signals of the dog “, he continues. Given this complexity, ANSES experts conclude that “the breed is not the right tool or the right lever to prevent the risk of biting”.
Each year, there are at least 11,000 bites in France. To reduce this number, ANSES recommends in particular creating a bite observatory and strengthening the behavioral assessment of dogs. This is a score, ranging from 1 to 4, which determines the dangerousness of the animal. “Category 4 means that the dog is a compulsive biter. We call them mad dogs, and unfortunately we need support from the town hall, and we can speak of an end-of-life decision on these dogs”, explains Alexandra Didier-Laurent. ANSES also believes that uncastrated male dogs are more likely to bite than others.