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The question that comes up frequently today is: are we able to feed the entire population today, and especially tomorrow?
In 2050, we will have 2.5 billion more mouths to feed. At the same time, soil erosion, urbanization and climate change could reduce the areas available for agriculture by 400 million hectares, or 7 times the surface area of France. And according to Christian Valentin, research director at the Development Research Institute, the part resulting from deforestation is unfortunately not intended for food.
Agroecology shows that we can produce just as well, if not better, while respecting the environment. We have to change our method and go back to basics while respecting the environment, that is to say, without pesticides.
Alain Rival, regional director of the center for international cooperation in agricultural research for development
With the persistent rural exodus, we are talking more and more about urban agriculture. SAccording to the United Nations, more than 700 million city dwellers already practice this type of agriculture.
In Singapore, for example, we produce vegetables without pesticides and transport, in dvertical farms. But this must be put into perspective.
Cultivation in artificial light is very energy-intensive and one cannot imagine producing large quantities of cereals in the city.
Christian Valentin, research director at the Development Research Institute
Above all, we should reconcile ourselves with nature to, among other things, protect pollinating insects, to which we owe 75% of our fruits and vegetables.
Antonio Gutterres, UN Secretary General
This statement is confirmed by scientists like Christian Valentin, who asserts that it is necessary to find compromises. These remain to be defined between environmental requirements (climate, soil, water, biodiversity) and food needs. The beginnings of this agricultural transition are based on agroecological, technological and digital innovations.
otherwise we see more and more eco-districts and urban cultures flourish. And if a square meter of garden can provide 20 kg of food per year, it also brings conviviality and education. And that is priceless !